Meteorologic conditions in India

Climate of India

IndiaGeographical position

The principal part of the area of India ( *apply for visa to india) is within the sub equatorial zone. The main characteristic of this region is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean gives rains to India. They heighten in early June on the western coast and in mid-June on the east coastline. When passing over the Arabian Sea as well as the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and move around in a northwest direction.



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Monsoon period

Rising above the Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons move at a pace of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rainfall. Thunder storms fall on the slopes of the hills in June. But later they calm down, and during the time from late September to mid-October rain falls normally, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows through the land side. It makes the climate cold and sunny.


Weather seasons

Based on data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and winds, we can separate the calendar year in to three primary weather seasons.

In November – February, if the northeastern monsoon rules, it is chilly and sunshiny. In March, the temperature gradually increases.The dry period lasts from the end of March to June. By the end of June, the humidity rises. As well as the climate of Indian plains becomes rainy.The period from July to mid-September will be the summer monsoon time. This is a period of wet tropical climate. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional time. The air humidity is high due to evaporation through the surface of the fields. However the rains stop.


Contrast climate

There are differences in temperature as well as weather in various areas of India. The nation covers a huge region, and every area has yet another terrain. Therefore, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t exceed 100 mm. At Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is around 10 770 mm of rainfall a year. It is one of the wettest areas on Earth.

The monsoon climate is characteristic of the shoreline of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest time is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is fewer rain. The hottest period is from May to June. However even high temperatures are tolerated very easily since the air is dry, relative humidity, in the morning, does not go over 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and also change the horizon a dirty yellow.

The start the monsoon in June starts with the greater wind and cloud cover. The time can last until September. During most times of the month, it rains often and lightly. The month to month rainfall in the wettest month – July is much greater than 600 mm. Cloudy weather decreases the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the mountain tops of the Himalayas, the climate depends upon the height above sea level. Soat altitudes from 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimum temperature is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), as well as the average maximum temperature is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year lasts from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average optimum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). The summer monsoon does not appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you can see, the climate of India varies greatly depending on the location, its distance from the Ocean, and its altitude. We can not compare Himalayan weather condition to other portions of India. These mountain tops are incredibly high and also have a unique weather.


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